When I became interested in progressive rock, like most people in the English-speaking world I was totally unaware of the richness and depth of the international scene; that’s because native English-speakers think the world revolves around our language and its cultures. It’s arrogant, colonialist and just plain wrong, but it’s the way we are.
Case in point, progressive rock. Sure, a lot of the standard musical motifs used originated with trailblazing international stars like Yes, Genesis and King Crimson, but in most of the world’s industrialized countries you could also find a plethora of shockingly skilled and imaginative musicians spewing out bizarre and creative prog albums that blended genres and cultures in innovative ways. Man, the seventies were great for music! In fact, a lot of these albums take rock in directions that the giants of British prog never even imagined.
So I thought I’d point out a few of the best ones here, possibly sending some of you on a journey of discovery. But beware; once you go in you may not come out. I’ve got several dozen Spanish and South American prog albums on my hard drive.
Note that having already put together specific lists on the mighty French and Italian scenes, I have left those countries off this list. I should also note, in case you are a patriotic prog citizen of any of the below countries, I know full well that each of those scenes could justify its own top 10 — I ain’t implying any scene was better than any other. The Spanish scene alone was incredibly deep. It just leaves me with more material for future lists, don’t it?
(NEW read part II with ten more albums)
Ragnarok – Nooks (New Zealand, 1976)
The only English-language album on this list, it’s a real symphonic gem from the mid-70s. Ragnarok was New Zealand’s premier prog group (I’m saving Split Enz’s bizarre debut for another article), and this record stands up with the best of the genre. It reminds me a lot of Australia’s Sebastian Hardie in its lush textures and excellent guitar playing, but in fact this is much better. The vocals are good but unobtrusive and perhaps a little lacking in excitement, but I’ll take on-key over exciting any day. The band had two keyboard players who were allowed to stretch out on a number of beautiful, pastoral ballads with an array of classic synth sounds. There’s even a brief section of boogie-rock à la Status Quo, which oddly doesn’t feel out of place. The Moody Blues-esque acid-folkery, including some sweet ensemble backing vocals, of “The Volsung” is probably the highlight, though the hypnotic space-rock groove of “Fourteenth Knock”, which gives Gong a run for its money, is a close second. Overall, it’s hard to pinpoint why this album is so appealing, but it is undoubtedly a very melodic, peaceful and engaging listening experience. I love this album and insist that you listen to it.
Highlights: “Five New Years” and “Fourteenth Knock”
Triumvirat – Spartacus (Germany, 1975)
Triumvirat was basically Germany’s answer to ELP or Colosseum, a jazzy power trio based on omnipresent Hammond organ deployed with very Emerson-esque sounds and panache. Still, the band had its own identity, as evidenced by concept albums like this one, which is indeed a retelling of the Roman story. The music is very classical in tone, with sprightly melodies played on an array of synths. Vocalist Helmut Köllen may not be Greg Lake, but he has a very nice tenor voice of his own, and the often poppier nature of the songs (“The School of Instant Pain”) makes for a much pleasanter listen than ELP’s typical wankery. “The Walls of Doom”, featuring some very funky Hammond, is one of the groovier seventies prog pieces I’ve heard, and let me assure you I’ve heard a ton. The rhythm section also, by the way, somehow has mimicked the very tones of Lake’s bass and Palmer’s drums (Lake had an easily identifiable bass sound). If you like organ, if you like pompous balladry, and if you like a concept album, I do believe Spartacus will send you into rapture, if you have not been so lucky as to experience it.
Highlights: “The Deadly Dream of Freedom” and “School of Instant Pain”
Novalis – Sommerabend (Germany, 1976)
Novalis was one of the leading German non-Krautrock prog bands and is often classified as “symphonic prog”, meaning on the epic and beatific side of things. This is generally heralded as the best of the band’s albums, and while I haven’t heard all of them, I can see why, though the album’s reputation is mainly predicated on the title track. The first song, “Aufbruch”, awkwardly mixes pretty string synths and Rhodes with some rather out-of-tune hard rock riffing, though fortunately it soon morphs into a very spacy neo-classical ballad. Fortunately it all gets better with “Wunderschatze”, which has some really lovely acoustic playing and choral background vocals. Finally, the money shot is the 18-minute title track, the appeal of which lies in the ethereal, pastoral mood set by the combination of mournful string synths (I love that sound!) with delicately plucked acoustic guitar. There’s a pleasantly elegiac synth melody accompanying as well. Despite a rather raunchy upbeat jam section toward the end, on the whole this is one of the finest spacy prog pieces of the era, on a par with the best of France’s Pulsar, definitely conjuring up the waning sunlight of a summer evening. Not an essential prog album but something to consider adding to your collection.
Highlight: the summery title track
Earth and Fire – Song of the Marching Children (Netherlands, 1971)
Earth and Fire without the Wind was a Dutch band that released a series of excellent prog albums in the early seventies, the band’s calling card being the elegant lady vocals of Jerney Kaagman. The band could be best described as a continental iteration of Curved Air (“Marie Antoinette”, “Back Street Luv”, etc.). However, I’d say Earth and Fire had a bit more psychedelia in its sound and less propensity for tweeness. Hammond is definitely the musical engine behind this moody, 5-track set of groovy psych/prog. Some of it’s actually quite gothic in tone, such as the Teutonic “Storm and Thunder”. The way Chris Koerts’ axework blends with Gerard Koerts’ pretty mellotron parts throughout the album is similar to the matching tones of John Lees and Woolly Wolstenholme in classic Barclay James Harvest. Like any great prog album of the era, this record contains an epic, the 18.5-minute title track, which goes through some great moody sections of things like Krautrock-esque volume swells, epic mellotron and harpsichord, and it has some great melodies as well. It concludes with a tension-filled acoustic coda followed by a stentorian military beat accompanied by maximum ‘tron. Incredible!
Highlight: the title track’s epicness
Los Canarios – Ciclos (Spain, 1974)
Spain’s Canarios, who had not done anything remotely like this up to that point in their career, produced a monumental album. A potentially cheesy concept, a space opera with music based on Vivaldi’s Four Seasons, ought to have fallen flat on its face, especially at 73 minutes running time. But it’s such an explosion of unbridled creativity that it just plain works. The songs are excellent and the choral arrangements are stunning. Both female and male lead vocals are excellent. The Vivaldi adaptations rock surprisingly hard, driven by some of the best (rock critics would say “propulsive”, for which they should be shot) drumming I’ve heard on a seventies album (and some of the best-produced drum sounds as well). Unapologetically strident synths alternate with lush mellotron, and thunderous upbeat sections contrast with pleasant ambient sections. The music’s so good, I’ve never even bothered to follow the storyline, which of course seems to have some kind of sci-fi theme. Despite many abrupt changes throughout the long album sides, the music never fails to be melodic and interesting. The group was wise to quit after releasing this monster … they couldn’t have done any better. This record’s glorious pomposity represents symphonic prog at its best.
Highlight: “Tercer Actos”
Bubu – Anabelas (Argentina, 1978)
South American bands tended to be very artistically ambitious, even by prog standards, and this passion is reflected in the fact that the genre remains quite popular there to this day. Bubu’s one-off album is quite the monster, covering so many styles over three tracks that it becomes almost dizzying. This is quite the cast of virtuosos. The instrumental “El Cortejo de un Dia Amarillo” definitely shows the influence of jazzy, aggressive proggers like King Crimson, Henry Cow, Area and Van der Graaf Generator, alternately crazy avant-jazzy and tranquil, classically pretty (some excellent flute and violin parts). “El Viaje de Anabelas” contains elements of the horror chamber music of Univers Zero but also elements of spacy Euro prog and zeuhl and even a Ligeti-like choral section. And finally, “Suenos de Maniqui”, with its tinkling piano, starts with pretty sounds that could come from a Genesis or Le Orme album and also contains some very Frippian overdriven guitar lines before a crazy choral/zeuhl-type conclusion that comes straight from a Magma album. Each of these styles is performed masterfully. Not an album that any serious prog collection should lack.
Highlight: “El Viaje de Anabelas”
Tantra – Holocausto (Portugal, 1979)
This late seventies album looks from the title and cover like it should be pretty scary, and in places it doesn’t disappoint, though on the whole it’s more notable for containing some really lovely, spacy synth parts, as on the opener, “Om”, which will appeal to Tangerine Dream/Klaus Schulze fans. However, the piece soon turns into an energetic prog odyssey featuring some oddly effected vocals. The singer sounds a little like Fish. “Zephyrus” is another piece of futuristic-sounding synth-prog. But the highlight track is “π”, yes, the pi symbol, so I assume this piece is aimed at smartypants. It’s a jazzy guitar showcase. Tantra’s music is not genius by any stretch but is very well put together, well-played and well sung, with plenty of great keyboard textures; it has a lot of similarities to French prog of the period, or funkier hippy stuff from the likes of Steve Hillage. Check it out if you’re a synth-lover.
Arco Iris – Sudamerica (Argentina, 1972)
This is first of two double albums that ambitious Argentinian band Arco Iris recorded, the second being Agitor Lucens V. This is an essential South American prog album in every way. Arco Iris combined elements of psychedelia, jazz (the excellent sax playing resembles early Crimson), symphonic prog, some Floydian spacy elements, and Andean folk in a stew that is not too far off from Los Jaivas’ early sound but is still distinctive. This long album is comprised of a number of short pieces (occasionally a recurring melody pops up from the overture) and two long tracks. The long tracks tend to devolve into guitar-based jamming, which is not entirely my cup of tea, but the level of musicianship is very high. The short songs are all wonderful, usually characterized by great harmony vocals and often some lovely acoustic playing. South American folk instruments pop up from time to time, as well as some very tasty flute playing. For the time and place the production is very good, clean and clear. If you come across it, you will not regret picking this album up. It’s ambitious, artistic and a great musical journey into the realms of South American prog.
Highlight: “La Cancion de Nahuel”
Solaris – Marsbeli Krónikák (Hungary, 1984)
As with the Tantra album, this eighties release from a band named after Lem’s famous novel has one key appeal: synths, upon which its reputation justly rests. If you don’t like synthesizers used on rock songs, stay a few miles away. If you like, say, Rush’s Grace Under Pressure and Power Windows, then you will love this. The Marsbéli Krónikák (Martian Chronicles) suite takes up most of the album, and suitable to its sci-fi theme, it’s max synths all the way, towering cosmic walls of ’em playing grand melodies that could come off a Jarre or Kitaro album. However, this is very much a prog album too, so elaborate Pink Floyd-influenced solo guitar is here, some flute, and some complex parts from the rhythm section. The album is very, very early eighties, as I said, but I get the same pleasure out of it as I get from the Eloy albums of that period; if you immerse yourself in the early digital atmosphere, it really does work quite well. “Ha Felszáll a Köd (If the Fog Ascends)” is the loveliest and finest piece on the record, and “Orchideák Bolygója (The Planet of Orchids)” has some great synth sequencing. On the whole, a nice combo of prog and European electronica.
Highlights: the title suite (sample) and “Ha Felszáll a Köd (If the Fog Ascends)”
Los Jaivas – Alturas de Macchu Picchu (Chile, 1981)
Los Jaivas is a huge name in South American music, both in the fields of folk and progressive rock. This, their best-known and most ambitious album, with lyrics adapted from Pablo Neruda, is an amazing fusion of seventies-style progressive rock with the sounds and mythology of traditional Andean culture. Right from the first notes of “Del Aire al Aire”, which mingles pan flute with ambient synth, you know you are in for a different experience listening to this. Expertly combining these haunting traditional melodies with elegant progressive rock, Los Jaivas truly bring to life thousands of years of history through music. They actually did this on a number of great albums from the seventies through the early eighties, but this one is definitely the finest. Just check out the sheer beauty of the piano and rippling guitar on “Aguila Sideral” to get what I mean. There is an indefinable elegance and mystery to this recording, even on the upbeat tunes like “Sube a Nacer Conmigo Hermano”. Fine singers and amazing players, Los Jaivas should really be considered amongst the giants of international music, considering their impressive discography.
Highlights: “Aguila Sideral“, “La Poderosa Muerte“
One of the bands that I was into was Kayak. If you haven’t checked them out, it might be worth some time. I’m hard pressed to recall which of their albums really stood out as I only heard them on the radio in the late 80’s and early 90’s… But I’m guessing (vaguely remembering) the Merlin album. I have one of their albums at home, but I don’t recognize in the discogs listing.
Dutch, right? I had one of their albums once too. I was deeeeeep into the prog thing just after the millennium … way too deep. But at least that five-year obsession provided me with a wealth of info on obscure albums!
Yup – Dutch. Back in the day there was a late night radio show on 93Qfm in Milwaukee that featured international rock music. That was where I heard them first. I’ve had one or two of their albums in the past couple of decades…and with reading your posts think I may start looking for them again. 🙂
Not sure if I’ve done you a favour, but happy listening! When you find yourself attempting to enjoy some weird Russian prog album from 1986 that you went to great lengths to obtain for reasons you don’t understand, then you’ll know you’re a hopeless case.
Oh, I’m already a long lost, hopeless case. First thing I did when I moved here was to find all the used record shops. Second thing I did was start buying some of the local indie vinyl…then I started plundering around for used vinyl that looked interesting. This is a very long term habit (over 30 years and still going…)
Ah well, takes one to know one, I guess! ;>
Yeah, definitely the reason I’ve been enjoying your articles…birds of a feather…
Reblogged this on SndChaser Status Notes and commented:
Nice articles on Make Your Own Taste, I’ve been enjoying the heck out of them.
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Cool, didn’t know about those bands. The only Argentinian prog acts I’ve heard are Crucis’ self-titled, Invisible’s El Jardín de los Presentes, and La Máquina de Hacer Pájaros’ self-titled. Great list anyways.
Crucis is good, yeah… the other two I don’t possess, so you’ve got me there! I’ll go look ’em up!
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Solaris, Los Jaivas, Los Canarios, Bubu, Triumvirat, Earth and Fire… A lot of great names which is good to see!
However, this might look like nitpicking, but there is nothing from Italy, while I think there are a lot of great bands which emerged there. This might seem a little harsh from me, but you did an excellent job by selecting 10 great bands. Somehing I won’t have been able to do…
I assume you saw my other all-Italian list?
I saw it after… Sorry for saying this! But you still did a good job!
I appreciate all your kind remarks!
An era of music sadly long past…….. and rapidly diminishing every year against the onslaught of the rampant self absorbed ritual performing faux “artists” promoted as ‘talent’ today….
How can you possibly have only a top ten I could name many others representative of that era of freedom of expression…. Interesting how the press hated most of these bands at the time as if they were a threat to something. If you’re into researching conspiracies across all the areas of human endeavours it (the control and manipulation of music and industry to shape our thoughts and perceptions) would feature prominently. Ever seen the research of Neil Sanders for instance….?? or the Vigilant Citizen website…??
Still, I’ll forever love my prog/prog-folk/psych/krautrock/electronic/free jazz/proto prog/symphonic/rural/experimental/zeuhl ,etc… On and on it goes…….!! Their loss….. one of the wonders of the world is going down and no one seems to care….. (Porcupine Tree)
This is not really on point but I thought I would share it anyway. I have been a prog (I hate that term) fan since my late teen years (over thirty years ago) mainly the British groups (Yes, Genesis, ELP, Crimson) with a smattering of Continental groups like Gong and PFM thrown in. I’ve known for years that the progressive movement was really much broader than that but with job, wife and children I felt like I didn’t have the time to devote to researching and learning about all the other performers that were out there. I’m an avid runner and for years I have listened to music while running but I always just assumed that prog would not be conducive to running. I figured it would be too syncopated, textural, cerebral or something to be good “running music.” But I finally thew caution to the wind and have started listening to prog while running and I tell you it has given me a whole new appreciation of the music that I so love. Quite the contrary, prog rock is perfect running music. It is interesting enough and complex enough that it really takes your mind off the strain of running. I’m currently listening to a playlist consisting of Magma, Van Der Graff Generator, Caravan to name only a few. After reading your blog I plan to get some Ange and Los Jaivas and add those to my playlist as well. I’ll let you know how it goes. Cheers!
There are indeed misconceptions that prog is all jarring, disjointed time signatures. And there are prog fans who want it to be that way, but as you imply, a lot of prog is very groovy and good for running! The South American stuff is often good for that, I must say.
Hi, I am missing Si todo Hiciera Crack, an outstanding piece of prog from Crack.
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